Bicaz Gorges National Park, located in Hășmaș Massif, in the administrative range of Harghita and Neamț Counties, is the main attraction of the Eastern Carpathians.
Geological, botanical and panoramic reserve, Bicaz Gorges National Park is the paradise of rock climbers as it has the most spectacular gorges in Romania – Bicaz Gorges. They are divided into 4 sectors: Between gorges (km 26.5 – 28.7); Altar Stone (km 28.7 – 31), Hell’s Bottleneck (km 31 – 32.2) and Gorges’ End (km 32.2 – 34); also in this area you can find the Red Lake – a barrier lake.
Bicaz Gorges National Park is highly interesting scientifically, but it also provides a wide array of panoramas and biological diversity generated by the geo-climate conditions. Bicaz Gorges are famous in Romania because of their impressive scale. Moreover, The Red Lake, resulted after the natural damming of Bicaz spring waters (1837), caresses the viewers’ eyes with an exquisitely picturesque panorama.
According to field research and bibliography data, 1,147 species of superior plants have been identified.
Bicaz Gorges National Park also has spruce forests, beech forests, vast mountain grazing meadows and plenty of floral rarities. They include a lot of rare species: savin juniper and garland flowers. The following species have been declared natural monuments: lady’s slipper orchid, Edelweiss, nigritella etc.
The fauna in the Park is especially abundant in rare species as well as species common to the mountain area.
Here are some of the rare and protected species, proof to the existence of a durable balanced ecosystem: amphibians and reptiles – such as the yellow-bellied toad, the marsh frog, the Carpathian newt, the Danube newt, the salamander, the European grass frog, the common lizard, the common European viper, the smooth snake, birds – such as the wallcreeper, the Eurasian three-toed woodpecker, the rock bunting, the Western capercaillie (heather cock), the golden eagle, and mammals – such as the Carpathian red deer, the chamois, the brown bear, the Eurasian lynx, the Eurasian wolf.