Baia Mare was first mentioned as a city (civitas Rivului Dominarium), which dealt with the exploitation of non-ferrouos ore in 1329, in a document where King Carol Robert gave the local leader Corrardus a forest.
The first diploma which gave Baia Mare various privileges was given by King Ludovic in 1347. It establishes the boundaries of the city and gives its inhabitants various liberties: The freedom to choose their judge, jurors and parish, the freedom to judge various issues within the city internally, the freedom of customs, the right to one fair each year for 15 days straight and of free wine selling. There were also a special category of provisions aimed at mining rules and regulations.
Baia Mare is the birth place of the first publication in Romanian language “Gutinul”. It was socio-literary and economic weekly paper, which started coming out of print in 1889.
Baia Mare is the first Romanian city to receive a prize in the Philips competition City.People.Lights. In 2015, in the 25th edition of this competition held in Helsinki, Finland, it received the 3rd prize for the creative utilization of light as an instrument for urban regeneration.
Baia Mare has the first public planetarium from Romania (the only one in Transylvania) and the biggest mineralogy regional museum from Europe.