Timișoara is the capital of Timiș County and lies in the west of the country, where Timiș and Bega rivers change courses.
The name Timișoara comes from the Magyar name of the settlement – Temesvár, meaning the Citadel of Timiș.
It became known as powerful economical center in the 18th century, at the same time the Habsburg administration took power. The Swabian colonization, the ethnical and religious diversity, as well as the law system favoring private property led to the formation of a strong layer of craftsmen and traders.
Timișoara is a multicultural city, influenced by the diverse ethnical communities, especially the Germans, Magyars and Serbians, but also Bulgarians, Italians and Greeks. The cultural heritage and the cultural diversity are the fortes of the city.
The Timișoara theatre society has a great tradition and uses its three state theatres (a premiere in Europe) – The National Theatre, The German Theatre and The Magyar Theatre – to put on shows in Romanian, German and Hungarian. The three institutions have their residences in the same icon-building as the Romanian Opera.
The Banat Philharmonic completes the high quality cultural agenda, thus carrying on the tradition of a city which had on its stages performers like Franz Liszt, Strauss the son, Brahms, Enescu or the premiere of Verdi’s Traviata on February, 9th 1855.